Three years after the Reinstatement of Politically Motivated Dismissals Law was passed by the Iraqi National Assembly, those whom the law applies to find that that it fails to cover a number of groups that were affected by the previous regime’s tyranny, especially those who were subject to arrests, dismissed from their jobs or even their studies.
This has led a number of them to file grievances with the special commission at the Council of Representatives, in order to find adequate solutions to their cases, especially since they are among those that were affected by that regime. This is what the Grievance Commission faced when it gathered last April 13th with the Commission for Martyrs, Victims and Political Prisoners to discuss the nature of these grievances and the appropriate proposals to resolve them. These proposals were presented to the Council of Representatives, which in turn ratified them after discussing them in depth and making some modifications.
In addition to those covered by the basic law, it covered those who were politically punished by being kept from completing their studies, not being assigned to jobs they were appointed to, or in cases where they did not receive a job in one of the government agencies or the public or mixed sectors after leaving jail or detention centers, including:
1. Those who were forced to quit their studies at Iraqi universities, institutions, different study centers or middle school or high schools, including annexes of the security services.
2. Those who were not granted the employment that was assigned to them following their arrest, jailing or detention or who were expelled or prosecuted.
3. Employees on contract who did not remain at their work for political reasons.
The law also takes into account the length of time of unemployment for political reasons with the goal of a raise, bonus, promotion, and retirement as well as the period of arrest, political jailing or detention and the service afterward with the goal of a raise, bonus, promotion and retirement.
The law gives retirement pensions to those who are at least 68 years of age. This includes those dismissed for political reasons, after taking into consideration the period of politically-motivated dismissal, according to Article 3 of this law. It also provides those covered by this law and those who were not given the job assigned to them due to age or illness a retirement pension, taking into account the period of the dismissal with the goal of a raise, bonus, promotion and retirement. This law does not preclude the inheritors of the deceased from receiving the retirement pension.
The reasons for passing this law are that the amendment is meant to prevent the injustice done to a large segment of those included in the Reinstatement of Politically Motivated Dismissals Law, by specifying at the very least, the actual service accounted for with the goal of a raise, bonus, promotion and retirement, as well as for the sake of closing the gap in the law which excluded a segment that had suffered the same harm.
The Amended Reinstatement of Politically Motivated Dismissals Law to include other segments that suffered from the tyranny and oppression of the previous regime will contribute to rehabilitating these segments. In turn, this will make up for the material and moral damage they suffered. It is also a symbol of the commitment to a new Iraqi era for all social groups, including victims of political dismissals.